Antananarivo is the capital city of Madagascar. It is located in the central highlands region of the island and has a population of approximately 1.4 million people. The city was founded in the 1600s by the Merina people and was later colonized by the French in the 1800s. Antananarivo is known for its historic landmarks, including the Rova of Antananarivo, a palace complex that was the seat of the Merina kings. The city is also a hub for business, government, and education in Madagascar.